The development of the SIS machines and SIS electrode technology has been strongly clinical practice and data based over nearly a decade, drawing extensively from the international medical-scientific journal literature, patents in the USA and Australia, clinical studies and hospital applications spanning three decades.




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Roohandeh M, Bamdad T. Inactivation of herpes simplex virus type 1 & adenovirus type 5 by direct electric current at a biocompatible level in vitro. Clin Lab. 2011;57(7-8):489-95. Read article >

Kumagai E, Tominaga M, Harada S. Sensitivity to electrical stimulation of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and MAGIC-5 cells. AMB Express. 2011;1(1):23. Published 2011 Aug 8. doi:10.1186/2191-0855-1-23. Read article >

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Gokal R, Armstrong K, Durant J, Todorsky W, Miller L. The Successful Treatment of Chronic Pain Using Microcurrent Point Stimulation Applied to Scars. Int J Comp Alt Med 10(3): 00333, 2017. Read article >

Chevalier A, Armstrong K, Gokal R. Detailed Heart Rate Variability, Exercise Tolerance, Cortical and Vas Pain Scale Analysis of Two Forms of Electro-Therapy Applied To A Patient with Chronic Back Neuropathic Pain. J Cell Mol Biol 2017 1: 001. Read article >

Armstrong K, Gokal R, Todorsky W, Durant J. The Successful Treatment of Chronic Pain Using Microcurrent Point Stimulation Applied to Battlefield Acupuncture Protocol. Med - Clin Res & Rev. 2018; 2(2): 1-4. Read article >

Lee BY, AL-Waili N, Stubbs D, Wendell K, Butler G, AL-Waili T, AL-Waili A. Ultra-low microcurrent in the management of diabetes mellitus, hypertension and chronic wounds: Report of twelve cases and discussion of mechanism of action. Int J Medical Sciences. 2010;7(1):29-35. Read article > Read report with images >

Fujiya H, Ogura Y, Ohno Y, Goto A, Nakamura A, Ohashi K, Uematsu D, Aoki H, Musha H, Goto K. Microcurrent electrical neuromuscular stimulation facilitates regeneration of injured skeletal muscle in mice. J Sports Sci Med. 2015 May 8;14(2):297-303. Read article >

Fujiya H, Goto K. New aspects of microcurrent electrical neuromuscular stimulation in sports medicine. The Journal of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine. 2016 Volume 5 Issue 1 Pages 69-72. Read article >

Armstrong K, Gokal R, Durant J, Todorsky T, Chevalier A, FaShong B. Detailed Autonomic Nervous System Analysis of Microcurrent Point Stimulation Applied to Battlefield Acupuncture Protocol. Medical Acupuncture. Apr 2017, Vol. 29, No. 2 Original Articles. Read article >

Fox LM, Murakami M, Danesh H, Manini AF. Battlefield acupuncture to treat low back pain in the emergency department. American Journal of Emergency Medicine. June 2018, Volume 36, Issue 6, Pages 1045–1048. Read article >

Byers M, Shao X, Bozorgi F, Begum S, Wertheimer D, Khalil R, Poumalek P, Taheri N. Battlefield Acupuncture (BFA) For Pain Management in a VA Community Living and Rehabilitation Center. March 2018, Volume 19, Issue 3, Page B14. Read article >

Prof. Tim Watson. Microcurrent Therapy. Electrotherapy on the web - Educational resources for practitioners, students and educators. Visit website >

Electrotherapy: evidence-based practice, edited by Tim Watson. Churchhill Livingstone, Elsevier Ltd, 2008, pages 41-45. Google books preview >

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