SILVER IONTOPHORESIS

STAGE 1: SIS SILVER-NYLON CLOTH ELECTRODES PLACED ON THE BODY

  • The SIS electrodes are made from a specialized nylon ripstop material that is electro-plated (coated) with pure silver. Two SIS electrodes are positioned on the skin, on either side, or on the front and back, of the body or head, so that the target infection is aligned between them.

    The SIS electrodes are held onto the body with standard medical tape.



SIS Small round electrode




STAGE 2: SIS MACHINE M200 MODEL ELECTRO-STIMULATOR AND MONITOR

  • The SIS machine delivers a high precision, extremely small Output Current to the SIS electrodes (billionths of an ampere of electric current).


  • Utilizing state of the art sensing technology, the SIS machine automatically regulates the target Output Current with environmental changes, including hydration, perspiration, millisecond-speed body movement, and with both body and ambient temperature changes.

    The SIS machine utilizes 'smart', self-adaptive, real-time and statistical, complex algorithms to monitor and assess the SIS electrode↔skin contact over time, for continuous and optimal stimulation.

    The user is provided by the device software with real-time audio and visual alerts to maintain correct electrode contact with the body.



STAGE 3: RELEASE OF SILVER IONS INTO THE BODY

  • The Output Current from the SIS machine causes a chemical 'oxidation' process on the surface of the electrically +ve SIS electrode. This process results in the release of atoms of silver having a +ve electric charge ('cations') from the electrode.



STAGE 4: SILVER CATIONS ACT ON THE INFECTED AREA

  • The silver cations (+ve electrically charged) released from the +ve SIS electrode travel towards the -ve "Return" SIS electrode. The silver cations electrochemically bind to the membranes of bacteria, and to the fatty capsules of viruses, effectively disabling them. Supporting research>



MORE EFFECTS OF SILVER CATIONS ON INFECTED CELLS: 'DIELECTROPHORESIS'

  • Each silver cation is a point source of a 'nonuniform electric field'—resulting from its +ve electric charge. A nonuniform electric field has strong effects on biological cells.



Nonuniform electric field of a point charge

  • Biological cells have both internal, and membrane (cell wall), electrical properties including 'surface charge', 'conductivity' and 'capacitance'. When cells are infected by microorganisms (bacteria, viruses), the electrical properties of their cell walls become changed. Supporting research>


  • The nonuniform electric field of each silver cation within the infected cellular and tissue 'microenvironments' is expected to exert different effects on infected cells than on non-infected cells. One of these potential effects is the result that the infected cells are separated from non-infected cells. Supporting research>


  • These nonuniform electric field effects on biological cells are described as 'dielectrophoresis', which is a term that combines the concept from physics, 'dielectric'—meaning that the internal electric charges of an object are polarized by an electric force, with the concept of 'phoresis'—meaning, transporting.

    The constant, direct current (DC) of silver cations (point charges) passing through the infected cell and tissue microenvironments, which the SIS equipment produces, additionally has this potential 'dielectrophoretic' action.


LOW INTENSITY DIRECT CURRENT

LOW INTENSITY DIRECT CURRENT GENERATED BY THE SIS MACHINE M200 MODEL

  • The SIS machine M200 model generates a constant, 'low intensity direct current' (LIDC) between the SIS +ve and -ve electodes. LIDC has multiple effects on microorganisms.



Direct current (DC) illustrated by the straight red line that represents the constant intensity of charge carriers with time (t).

  • Electrolysis (electro-chemical breaking) reactions that generate 'hypochlorous acid' from chloride ions—an abundant body 'electrolyte' that helps fluid balance in and around cells. Supporting research>


  • Production of 'reactive oxygen species' (ROS)—reactive chemicals containing oxygen, especially Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2). Supporting research>



  • 'Electroporation' effects on microorganisms—increasing the permeability of their protective membranes (cell walls). Supporting research>



  • Altering pH (acid/alakaline) balance that affects microorganisms' protective biofilms. Supporting research>


presentation

Integration of Silver Iontophoresis Principles in a Device for Bacterial and Viral Infection Treatments, Wound Healing, Tissue Repair and Regeneration.

Richard Malter, James Woessner.

31th Annual International Symposium on Acupuncture, Electro-Therapeutics and Latest Advancements in Integrated Medicine. May 01-03, 2015, São Paulo, Brazil.

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INFECTION TREATMENT

  • Direct constant-current silver ion delivery to any internal or surface infection. Silver ions electrochemically bind to microorganisms and disable them.

  • Can target even hard-to-reach bacterial and viral infections anywhere in the body.

  • Effective against antibiotic-resistant superbugs.

  • Leading replacement of antibiotics and antiviral drugs.

  • Can also treat yeast and fungal infections.

  • Reduces pain.

  • No drug side effects or risks.

  • 100% noninvasive.

  • Quick and easy to apply.

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